The Bitcoin network is maintained through a process known as mining. Miners are responsible for verifying and processing transactions on the network, using powerful computers to solve complex mathematical puzzles. In return for their efforts, miners are rewarded with new Bitcoin.
The process of mining is essential for keeping the Bitcoin network secure. Every time a miner solves a puzzle, it helps to verify the legitimacy of the transactions that occur on the network. This helps to prevent fraud and double spending, ensuring the security of the Bitcoin network for all users.