Bitcoin mining rewards are the incentives provided to Bitcoin miners for operating the network and processing transactions.
The reward is given in the form of newly generated Bitcoin, which is created through a process known as mining. In order to receive a mining reward, miners must use special software to solve complex mathematical puzzles that are part of the Bitcoin protocol. Once a puzzle is solved, a block is added to the blockchain and the miner is rewarded with newly generated Bitcoin.
The amount of Bitcoin rewarded for mining a block is set by the Bitcoin protocol and is currently 12.5 BTC. This reward is halved approximately every four years, so the amount of Bitcoin rewarded for mining a block will eventually decrease over time.
In addition to the block reward, miners also earn fees from processing Bitcoin transactions. These fees are paid to miners by the users sending the transaction, and the amount of the fee varies depending on how quickly the user wants the transaction to be processed.
The combination of the block reward and transaction fees provide an incentive for miners to operate the network and process transactions. This incentive is what keeps the Bitcoin network secure and running smoothly.